Sensory-processing sensitivity – a possible predictor for shooting performance and state orientation? An investigation of the influence of sensitivity on shooting performance and personality variables

The picture shows an open photography aperture. It was chosen as a metaphor for the differences amongst humans regarding their sensitivity to environmental cues. Some humans do have a wide open “aperture” (are very sensitive to environmental cues), other human apertures are rather closed. This CreaThesis aims to illustrate the theory behind the thesis..

Simplified Abstract

Aim of the bachelor thesis was to investigate if sensory-processing sensitivity could have a disadvantage or an advantage in sport shooting performance. Additionally, the study did also investigate if sensory-processing sensitivity may have a correlation with the personality variable state orientation. To evaluate these questions, an online survey with the German version of the Highly Sensitive Person Scale (HSPS-GS), as well as the German version of the Action Control Scale (HOSP) was conducted. Results revealed differences in sensitivity between high-performer and low-performer in shooting sports for men (p = .019, d = .26) but not for women (p = .864, d = -.02). Striking was that in the study sample included distinctly less persons that reached the high scorers on the HSPS-GS, than described in the literature. This means, that there were almost no highly sensitive persons in the shooting sample. A moderate correlation between sensitivity and state orientation was found. These results, especially the absence of high scorers, is perhaps an indicator for high sensitivity as a possible disadvantage in competitive shooting sports. 

Name:                        Andrea Schittenhelm

Field of study:          Sport Science

Supervisor:                Prof. Dr. Jürgen Beckmann

Chair:                          Chair of Sport Psychology